Sherds of Fox Lake-type ceramics

Sherds of Fox Lake-type ceramics

Pottery sherds of the Fox Lake ceramic-ware type—the same type found at Mountain County Park in 1976. The sherds pictured here were excavated in northern Iowa in 2015. From M. A. Hoofnagle’s “Bits and Pieces: A Case for Holistic Analysis in the Study of Ceramic Archaeology” (honors thesis, University of Iowa, Spring 2017).

Map of Mississippian cultures

Map of Mississippian cultures

A map showing the extents of Mississippian and Mississippian-influenced cultures, including the and Oneota peoples. Photograph by Herb Roe. CC BY-SA 3.0.

View of old "mountain" island, Mountain Lake

Mountain County Park

Mountain County Park in Cottonwood County, July 2, 2014. Photograph by Wikimedia Comons user McGhiever. CC BY-SA 3.0.

Mountain County Park and Historic Site

Cottonwood County’s now-dry Mountain Lake was the site of Indigenous villages and encampments over the course of 3,000 years. The area has provided clues—some of the oldest evidence of human habitation in present-day Minnesota—about the lives of a group of people who remained relatively isolated from Upper Mississippi trade networks. In the 1970s, the site was developed into a public park operated by Cottonwood County.

Rice, Henry Mower (1816‒1894)

As a trader, businessman, treaty negotiator, and legislator, Henry Mower Rice played a crucial role in Minnesota’s statehood and the development of St. Paul. At the same time, Rice was responsible for policies that benefited himself and his business partners at the expense of Minnesota’s Indigenous populations.

Jeffers Petroglyphs

The dawn sun illuminates Jeffers Petroglyphs, ca. 2018. Photograph by Tom Sanders; used with the permission of Tom Sanders.

Hand Petroglyph

Hand Petroglyph

Hand Petroglyph at Jeffers Petroglyphs Historic Site, ca. 2018. Photograph by Tom Sanders; used with the permission of Tom Sanders.

Looking west from the outcrop at Jeffers Petroglyphs

Looking west from the rocky outcrop at Jeffers Petroglyphs

Looking west from the rocky outcrop at Jeffers Petroglyphs, ca. 2018. Photograph by Tom Sanders; used with the permission of Tom Sanders.

LiDAR map of the Red Rock Ridge and its cultural sites

LiDAR map of the Red Rock Ridge and its cultural sites

LiDAR map of the Red Rock Ridge and its cultural sites, ca. 2018. Photograph by MnTOPO/Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

Main outcrop at Jeffers Petroglyphs

Main outcrop at Jeffers Petroglyphs

Main outcrop at Jeffers Petroglyphs, ca. 2018.

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