Establishment of the Minneapolis Waterworks, 1867–1910

In 1871 Minneapolis built the first public waterworks in Minnesota to pump water from the Mississippi River. The city's attempts to provide clean, safe water led to decades of efforts to improve and expand the waterworks.

Corner Second Avenue and Pine Street, showing where buildings have been removed, Hibbing.

Corner Second Avenue and Pine Street, showing where buildings have been removed, Hibbing.

A photograph of a street in Hibbing showing vacant lots where houses had already been removed, 1920.

Oliver Iron Mining Company Clubhouse being moved, Hibbing

Oliver Iron Mining Company Clubhouse being moved, Hibbing

Moving the Oliver Mining Company Clubhouse, 1920. This structure was so large that it had to be cut into two pieces to make the move.

Moving old Village Market to Bennett Park, Hibbing.

Moving old Village Market to Bennett Park, Hibbing.

Moving the old village market, 1919.

Residence of Frank Dear being moved, Hibbing

Residence of Frank Dear being moved, Hibbing

Frank Dear's residence being moved, 1920.

Colonial Hotel being moved to new site, Hibbing

Colonial Hotel being moved to new site, Hibbing

One of the largest moves, the Colonial Hotel, 1920. Note the steam crawler directly in front of the hotel.

The Relocation of Hibbing, 1919–1921

From 1919 to 1921, the people of Hibbing moved nearly two hundred structures, including several large buildings, two miles south to make way for a growing open pit mine. The Oliver Mining Company wanted the valuable iron ore underneath North Hibbing, and the company funded the use of horses, logs, farm tractors, a steam crawler (a tractor primarily used in the logging industry), steel cables, and human power to relocate the town.

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