The Ho-Chunk and Blue Earth, 1855–1863

In 1855 a federal treaty moved the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) people from their reservation near Long Prairie to a site along the Blue Earth River. The Ho-Chunk farmed the area's rich soil with some success, but drew the hostility of white neighbors who wanted the land for themselves. Though they did not participate in the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 they were exiled from Minnesota during the conflict's aftermath.

Black and white photograph of Ho-Chunk leader Little Hill, who was one of his people's leading orators, c.1865.

Little Hill, Ho-Chunk leader

Ho-Chunk leader Little Hill was one of his people's leading orators, c.1865.

Black and white photograph of Ho-Chunk leader, Winneshiek II, c.1865.

Winneshiek II, Ho-Chunk leader

Ho-Chunk leader, Winneshiek II, c.1865.

Black and white photograph of Winneshiek II (second from left) and other Ho-Chunk leaders, c.1865.

Winneshiek II (second from left) and other Ho-Chunk leaders

Winneshiek II (second from left) and other Ho-Chunk leaders, at Fort Snelling, c.1865. The man third from the left is thought to be Waukon Decorah, a leader in Ho-Chunk diplomatic relations with the United States.

Black and white photograph of a Ho-Chunk woman sitting outside a shelter. Taken by Benjamin Franklin Upton in 1858.

Ho-Chunk woman and basswood wigwam

Black and white photograph of a Ho-Chunk woman sitting outside a shelter. Taken by Benjamin Franklin Upton in 1858.

Baptiste Lasallier, Ho-Chunk leader with Charles Mix, Indian Agent, and a trade merchant, 1857.

Baptiste Lasallier, Ho-Chunk leader with traders

Baptiste Lasallier, Ho-Chunk leader with Charles Mix, Indian Agent, and a trade merchant, 1857.

Black and white photograph of the Ho-Chunk leader Baptiste Lasallier wearing a mix of American Indian and Euro-American clothing, c.1855.

Baptiste Lasallier, Ho-Chunk leader

Black and white photograph of the Ho-Chunk leader Baptiste Lasallier wearing a mix of American Indian and Euro-American clothing, c.1855.

Black-and-white photograph of a Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) encampment taken by Whitney's Gallery, c.1865.

Ho-Chunk Encampment

Black-and-white photograph of a Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) encampment taken by Whitney's Gallery, c.1865.

The Ho-Chunk and Long Prairie, 1846–1855

In 1848 the U.S. government removed the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) from their reservation in the northeastern part of Iowa to Long Prairie in Minnesota Territory. The Ho-Chunk found the land at Long Prairie a poor choice to meet their needs as farmers. In 1855 they were moved again, this time to a reservation in southern Minnesota.

Water color painting of Little Crow’s Village on the Mississippi by Seth Eastman c.1846–1848.

Little Crow's Village on the Mississippi

Water color painting of Little Crow’s Village on the Mississippi by Seth Eastman c.1846–1848.

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