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Foshay Tower, Minneapolis

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Black and white photograph of Foshay Tower, 821 S. Marquette Avenue, Minneapolis, 1928–1929.

Foshay Tower, 821 S. Marquette Avenue, Minneapolis, 1928–1929.

Since 1929, the Foshay Tower has been a vital part of the Minneapolis skyline. When it was built, the thirty-two-story tower was the tallest building between Chicago and the West Coast. In the 1970s and 1980s, much taller skyscrapers were built, but the attractive Foshay Tower remained a crowning glory of Minnesota architecture.

Minneapolis businessman Wilbur B. Foshay was responsible for erecting this landmark. Foshay arrived in Minneapolis in 1915 to work for a local manufacturer of electric-light poles and telephone poles. He had spent most of the previous decade working for various utilities companies, and in 1916, he bought his own-the Ponca Electric Company of Nebraska.

In 1917, he incorporated the W. B. Foshay Company in Minneapolis. Then he and his company went on a spending spree, buying utilities in thirty states, Alaska (which wouldn't become a state until 1958), Canada, and Central America.

Foshay's company needed a headquarters. In the 1920s, the skyscraper was the dominant form of urban corporate architecture. Foshay wanted to build his own. He understood the promotional power of a tower with his name emblazoned on every side in ten-foot tall letters. Foshay told reporters that he had gotten the idea for the structure as a child. His father had taken him to see the Washington Monument in the nation's capital. Foshay claimed that his memory of that marvelous sight inspired him to erect his tower.

In 1928, the Foshay Building Corporation sold stock to raise the proposed $4,409,633.82 needed to erect the tower. Construction began that same year and continued through the summer of 1929. When the Foshay Tower was complete, it rose just over 447 feet in the heart of downtown Minneapolis. Leon Arnal of the Minneapolis architectural firm Magney and Tusler conceived its tapering Art Deco design. The tower actually was built upon an existing two-story structure, which formed the base of the new skyscraper.

Foshay spared no expense. He hired famed sculptor Harriet Frishmuth to cast a bronze statue, Scherzo, for the building's courtyard. An observation deck was added so visitors could get a bird's-eye view of the downtown and Mississippi River. Marble, exotic woods, and bronze decorated the interiors. The twenty-seventh and twenty-eighth floors were occupied by Foshay's lavish private offices and apartment, whose bathrooms boasted gold-plated faucets.

Foshay celebrated the opening of the tower with a three-day event, August 30 to September 1, that featured fireworks, dancing girls, and religious services. John Philip Sousa wrote the "Foshay Tower Washington Memorial March," which his band performed several times during the festivities. The U.S. Secretary of War, James W. Good, arrived from Washington, D.C., to dedicate the structure. The Foshay Company paid travel expenses for dozens of dignitaries from across the nation. Special guests were also given complimentary gold watches, courtesy of the company. The total cost added up to $126, 894. Days later, Foshay rushed to New York to secure money to keep his company afloat.

Foshay's empire collapsed soon after the celebration. The stock market crash in late October wiped him out professionally and personally. There was no money to pay off the tower's builders, let alone to meet the payroll. Foshay's check to Sousa bounced and the disgruntled bandleader forbade the playing of the "Foshay March" until the debt was paid. The W.B. Foshay Company folded, and the tower was put up for auction. Foshay faced criminal charges for mail fraud and, after two trials, ended up in Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary.

Over the years, ownership of the Foshay Tower changed a number of times. But even when other downtown buildings of its era were torn down, the Foshay remained. It had become a cherished Minneapolis icon and a reminder of the golden age of the 1920s. In 1978, the structure was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Still, time and neglect took a toll on the aging building. Twin Cities real estate developer Ralph W. Burnet and Ryan Companies announced plans to renovate the tower in 2006. They hired local historic consultants Hess Roise and Company to help restore some of the original Art Deco features. On August 13, 2008, the refurbished Foshay Tower reopened as the W Minneapolis-The Foshay, a 230-room hotel.

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Aamodt, Britt, "Wilbur B. Foshay: The Man and His Tower, part 1." KFAI radio documentary, 2011. Archived on Ampers.org.
http://www.ampers.org/pieces/wilbur-b-foshay-man-his-tower-part-i?s=music

———, "Wilbur B. Foshay: The Man and His Tower, part 2." KFAI radio documentary, 2011. Archived on Ampers.org.
http://www.ampers.org/pieces/wilbur-b-foshay-man-his-tower-part-ii?s=music

Foshay Museum and Observation Deck. About the museum.
http://foshaymuseum.com/home.html.

McNulty, Marcy Frances. "Wilbur Burton Foshay: The Saga of a Salesman." Master's Thesis, Creighton University, 1964.

Wingerd, Mary Lethert. Claiming the City: Politics, Faith, and the Power of Place in St. Paul. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001.

Related Images

Black and white photograph of Foshay Tower, 821 S. Marquette Avenue, Minneapolis, 1928–1929.
Black and white photograph of Foshay Tower, 821 S. Marquette Avenue, Minneapolis, 1928–1929.
Black and white photograph of the excavation for Foshay Tower, c.1927.
Black and white photograph of the excavation for Foshay Tower, c.1927.
Black and white photograph of the interior of the Foshay Tower, 1929–1930.
Black and white photograph of the interior of the Foshay Tower, 1929–1930.
Black and white photograph of Foshay Tower dedication ceremonies, 1929.
Black and white photograph of Foshay Tower dedication ceremonies, 1929.
Black and white photograph of reception and waiting room of the Foshay Tower, 1931.
Black and white photograph of reception and waiting room of the Foshay Tower, 1931.
Black and white photograph of the elevator to Foshay Tower observation balcony, Minneapolis, 1948.
Black and white photograph of the elevator to Foshay Tower observation balcony, Minneapolis, 1948.
Black and white photograph of Foshay Tower at Ninth Street and Marquette, Minneapolis, 1958
Black and white photograph of Foshay Tower at Ninth Street and Marquette, Minneapolis, 1958
Black and white photograph of Foshay Tower and IDS Center, Minneapolis, 1975.
Black and white photograph of Foshay Tower and IDS Center, Minneapolis, 1975.

Turning Point

On Labor Day weekend 1929, the Foshay Tower debuts with one of the grandest building-dedication ceremonies in Minneapolis history.

Chronology

1927

The Foshay Tower Building Corporation is granted a charter by the State of Delaware (where the company is incorporated) to construct a skyscraper in downtown Minneapolis.

1928

Wilbur Foshay hires the architectural firm Magney and Tusler to build him a tower. The exterior shell of the building is completed later that year.

1929

The Foshay Tower is formally dedicated, August 30 to September 1. In October, the stock market crash bankrupts Foshay and his enterprises.

1960

The Apache Corporation buys the Foshay Tower.

2006

Twin Cities real estate developer Ralph W. Burnet and Ryan Companies announce plans to renovate the tower and transform its office spaces into hotel accommodations.

2008

The new 230-room W Minneapolis-The Foshay hotel opens on August 13.